Professors and Lecturers

Dr Glenn Carruthers

Port Macquarie

I am a Cognitive Scientist/Theoretical Psychologist with interests in consciousness (especially self-consciousness) and psychopathology. I have recently taken up a Lectureship in Psychology at the brand new Port Macquarie Campus of Charles Sturt University.

Currently I am leading a project testing a hypothesis as to how the sense of embodiment is elicited in the rubber hand illusion (with Rachel Robbins, Regine Zopf, Alicia Wilcox and Xiaoqing Gao). My research focus to date has been on naturalistic approaches to the study of consciousness. My main aim has been to provide explanations of particular experiences of the self (such as the experience of one’s own agency) as case studies in consciousness. I have also published work on aspects of psychopathology, including in a forensic context. In addition I have projects underway investigating agency in the crime of filicide, sexism in stereotypes of parenting (with Neha Khetrapal and Nic Badcok), attempts to naturalise Phenomenological approaches to self-consciousness (with Kristina Musholt) and theories of consciousness (with Elizabeth Schier).


  • (in press) "A metacognitive model of the feeling of agency over bodily actions" in Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research and Practice
  • w/ Elizabeth Schier (in press) "Why are we still being Hornswoggled? Dissolving the Hard Problem of Consciousness" in Topoi: An International Review of Philosophy
  • (2016) "Making sense of spousal revenge filicide" in Aggression and Violent Behavior
  • (2015) "Difficulties for extending Wegner and colleagues’ model of the sense of agency to deficits in delusions of alien control" in Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies V(3)
  • (2015) "Who am I in Out of Body Experiences? Implications from OBEs for the explanandum of a theory of self-consciousness" in Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14:183-197 DOI 10.1007/s11097-013-9332-0
  • (2014) "What makes us conscious of our own agency? And why the conscious versus unconscious distinction matters" in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8:434 doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00434
  • (2014) "Un modello metacognitivo del senso di agentività per le azioni corporee." In: Massimo Marraffa and Fausto Carauna eds: SISTEMI INTELLIGENTI 26(1) pp. 57-78
  • (2013) "Toward a Cognitive Model of the Sense of Embodiment in a (Rubber) Hand" in Journal of Consciousness Studies 20(3-4) pp. 33-60
  • (2012) "A Metacognitive Model of the Sense of Agency over Thoughts" in Cognitive Neuropsychiatry 17(4) pp.291-314 DOI: 10.1080/13546805.2011.627275
  • (2012) "The Case for the Comparator Model as an Explanation of the Sense of Agency and its Breakdowns" in Consciousness and Cognition 21(1) pp.30-45; DOI:10.1016/j.concog.2010.08.005
  • (2010) "A Problem for Wegner and Colleagues’ Model of the Sense of Agency" in Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9(3) pp.341-357; DOI:10.1007/s11097-010-9150-6
  • (2010) "A Comparison of Fortunes: the Comparator and Multifactorial weighting Models of the Sense of Agency" in Christensen, Schier and Sutton eds Proceedings of the Australasian Society for Cognitive Science
  • (2009) "Commentary on Synofzik, Vosgerau and Newen 2008" in Consciousness and Cognition 18(2) pp.515-520; DOI:10.1016/j.concog.2008.05.006
  • (2009) "Is the Body Schema Sufficient for the Sense of Embodiment? An Alternative to de Vignemont’s Model" in Philosophical Psychology 22(2) pp.123-142; DOI:10.1080/09515080902802785
  • (2008) "Reply to Tsakiris and Fotopoulou ‘Is my body the sum of online and offline body representations'" in Consciousness and Cognition 17 pp..1321-1323; DOI:10.1016/j.concog.2008.07.008
  • (2008) "Types of Body Representation and the Sense of Embodiment" in Consciousness and Cognition 17 pp.1302-1316; DOI:10.1016/j.concog.2008.02.001
  • (2007) "A Model of the Synchronic Self" in Consciousness and Cognition 16 pp.533-550
Book Reviews
  • (2015) "Booth, Anthony Robert and Darrell P. Rowbottom (eds.), Intuitions, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014, pp. ix + 289, £40 (hardback)." in The Australasian Journal of Philosophy DOI: 10.1080/00048402.2015.1029501
  • (2014) "The Cambridge handbook of Cognitive Science — Keith Frankish and William Ramsey" in Philosophy in Review 34(1-2)
  • (2013) "The Conscious Brain- Jesse Prinz" in Metapsychology 17(26)
  • (2013) "Foundations of Metacognition- Beran, Michael J; Brandl, Johannes L; Perner, Josef, Proust Joëlle eds" in Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews
  • (2012) "Review: Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will- David Hodgson in Metapsychology 16(43)
  • (2012) "Review: The Wonder of Consciousness; Understanding the Mind through Philosophical Reflection- Harold Langsam" in Metapsychology 16(14)
  • (2011) "The Nature of Representation and the Experience of Oneself: a Critical Notice on Gottfried Vosgerau’s Mental Representation and Self-Consciousness" in Philosophical Psychology 24(3) pp.411-425; DOI:10.1080/09515089.2011.563541
Conference Notes
  • Carruthers, Glenn; Gutwinski, Stefan; Kuhlen, Anna; Landgraf, Steffen; Meshi, Dar; Steimke, Rosa and Voelkl, Bernhard (2010) "Interacting Minds: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Social Cognition" in The Reasoner 4(12) pp.179-180

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